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Opportunities for the Fruit and Vegetable Farming Sector

  • Colombia has a potential of 7.5 million hectares suitable for the development of fruit and vegetable farming. Ministry of Agriculture (Ministerio de Agricultura), 2010.
  • Colombia ranks 22nd in fruit and vegetable production, 17th in fruit production and 56th in vegetable production worldwide. FAO, 2010.
  • Colombia is the third country with the highest number of hectares cultivated with fruit trees in Latin America and it is the fifth largest producer in the region. FAO, 2010.
  • Colombia’s fruits and vegetables offer a better quality thanks to its colour, flavour, aroma and its higher content of soluble solids and Brix degree. Ministry of Agriculture, 2010.

Business Opportunities in Colombia


  • More than 136 species of fruits and vegetables, both native to Colombia and brought in from other regions. Ministry of Agriculture, 2010.
  • Avocado, Mango, Citrus Fruits and Plantain represent the principal investment opportunities. The Fruit and Vegetable Farming Association of Colombia (Asociación Hortifrutícola de Colombia, Asohofrucol) and the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (Ministerio de Agricultura y Desarrollo Rural, MADR), 2011.
  • Colombia’s geographic location in the equatorial zone has enabled the country to grow its production by 10.3% between 2004 and 2011. Ministry of Agriculture, 2010.
  • Fruits and vegetables with the highest levels of production in Colombia: Plantain, Banana, Citrus Fruits, Pineapple, Oranges, Mango, Papaya, Avocado, Tomato, Onion, Carrots, Spring Onion and Cabbage. Ministry of Agriculture, 2010.

Research & development

  • Network of I&D Centres in support of the industry – some of the most renowned research centres, including the International Centre of Tropical Agriculture (Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical, CIAT).


  • Barranquilla
  • Cartagena
  • Santa Marta
  • Medellin
  • Santander
  • Quindio
  • Risaralda
  • Caldas
  • Norte de Santander
  • Boyaca
  • Bogota
  • Cauca
  • Cali
  • Meta
  • Casanare